Indiana Landmarks announces annual 10 Most Endangered list

Calling attention to Hoosier places in danger of disappearing

INDIANAPOLIS (August 22, 2023) – Indiana Landmarks today announced the 10 Most Endangered, an annual list of Hoosier landmarks in jeopardy. The list includes an architect-designed industrial building; a threatened Victorian neighborhood; historic fraternal lodges; a significant Queen Anne home; a former movie palace; an Art Deco skyscraper; a commercial block that embodies Indiana’s limestone legacy; a manufacturing mogul’s neglected mansion; a long vacant county home; and a church designed by a trailblazing Black architect.

Places that land on the 10 Most Endangered list often face a combination of problems rather than a single threat—abandonment, neglect, dilapidation, obsolete use, development pressure, or owners who simply lack money for repairs.

“Indiana Landmarks uses its 10 Most Endangered list in several ways. Sometimes it serves an educational role. It functions as an advocacy tool. And it can assist in raising funds needed to save a place,” says Marsh Davis, president of the nonprofit preservation organization. “Each endangered place tells a distinct story, and each faces its own set of challenges. In all cases, when an endangered place lands on our list, we commit to seeking solutions that lead to rescue and revitalization,” he adds.

The 10 Most Endangered in 2023 includes five new entries and five sites repeating from last year’s list:

  • Historic Fraternal Lodges, statewide
  • International Harvester Engineering Building, Fort Wayne
  • Thomas and Louisa Little House, Plainfield
  • Starr Historic District, Richmond
  • State Theatre, Anderson
  • Birdsell Mansion, South Bend (repeat entry from 2022)
  • First Friends Church, Marion (repeat entry from 2022)
  • Hulman Building & Garage, Evansville (repeat entry from 2022)
  • Knox County Poor Asylum, Vincennes (repeat entry from 2022)
  • Stinesville Commercial Buildings, Stinesville (repeat entry from 2022)

Demolition has claimed only 20 of the 153 Most Endangered sites since the list was introduced in 1991, while 101 places are completely restored or no longer endangered.

To find out more about each of the 10 Most Endangered, visit or contact Indiana Landmarks, 317-639-4534 or 800-450-4534.


Media contacts:

Mindi Woolman, Director of Marketing & Communications, 317-639-4534 / 800-450-4534 (cell 317-417-1204),

Jen Thomas, JTPR, Inc., 317-441-2487,


Indiana Landmarks revitalizes communities, strengthens connections to our diverse heritage, and saves meaningful places. With nine offices located throughout the state, Indiana Landmarks helps people rescue endangered landmarks and restore historic neighborhoods and downtowns. People who join Indiana Landmarks receive its bimonthly magazine, Indiana Preservation. For more information on the not-for-profit organization, call 317-639-4534, 800-450-4534, or visit


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